Women and Breast Cancer

There are numerous risk factors1 for breast cancer:

  • Age—women over 50 years
  • Gender
  • Reproductive history, such as menstruation before 12 years, first pregnancy after 30 years, never having given birth, or menopause before 50 years
  • Family history
  • Gene mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Insufficient exercise
  • Race/ethnicity—Caucasian persons are more at risk
  • Hormone replacement


1 Breast Cancer Screening (PDQ®) [Internet]. National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health. [cited 2013 Mar 29] Available from:

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